产品经理的42个原则-原则23:Make Sure You Have Clear Priorities:确保你有清晰的优先级!

We’ve all seen PRDs that list ten (or more) “high priority” product features. What are feature lists like this really saying? They’re really saying, “We weren’t sure about our priorities,” or, “Nobody made the tough calls about which features were really most important.”


Why Are Clear Priorities Important?


There are always more product ideas than there are resources to implement them. To maximize a company’s business results and chances of success, it needs to have a clear point of view about what’s most important. When there are ten “high priority” features, how does engineering know which one to start working on first? How does the rest of the team know which one engineering is going to work on first?


Different stakeholders can look at a list of ten high priority features and mistakenly expect that their top item will get launched soon, especially when engineering only has the resources to work on one or two items at a time. In contrast, having clear priorities ensures that everyone in the company is clear on what is going to get done in what order.


The lack of clear priorities is often a symptom of one or more problems:


The team doesn’t have a clear point of view about what is most important to its success or to its customers.


People on the team have clear opinions about what’s most important but can’t agree.


Nobody is empowered to make tough product decisions.


The team lacks the right processes or tools.


The first three problems are all rooted in the company culture, and that can be hard to change, so I’ll share advice on how product managers can improve on the final problem.


Make a List


The first step is to create a prioritized feature list. Each feature should be listed as a separate item on its own row. You should assign a priority level to each feature such as “high,” “medium,” and “low.” However, it’s also important to individually rank-order the features within each priority level. Within the “high” features, decide which one is #1, which is #2, and so on. You can use shorthand labels like “H-1,” “H-2,” “M-1,” “M-2,” “L-1,” “L-2.” Your list should always be sorted by that rank-order priority. If you’re not empowered to determine the rank-order priority yourself, then facilitate the process to do so with the key stakeholders. Once you have a prioritized list, it makes your life a lot easier when the time comes to make tough trade-offs. For example, the next time someone comes to you with a new “top priority” idea, just whip out the list and ask them to tell you which “lower priority” items can afford to get bumped.

第一步是创建优先级的特征列表。每个特征都应该作为单独的项列在自己的行上。您应该为每个特征指定一个优先级级别,例如“高”、“中”和“低”。然而,在每个优先级内对特征进行单独的排序也是很重要的。在“高”特性中,确定哪个是#1,哪个是#2,等等。您可以使用速记标签,如:“H-1,” “H-2,” “M-1,” “M-2,” “L-1,” “L-2.”。你的列表应该总是按照优先级的等次顺序排序。如果您没有权力自己决定优先级顺序,那么可以与关键利益相关者一起促进这个过程。一旦你有了一个优先考虑的清单,当需要做出艰难权衡时,它会让你的生活轻松很多。例如,下次有人带着一个新的优先级最高的想法来找你的时候,你只需拿出清单,让他们告诉你哪些优先级较低的东西可以被排除掉。

Share the List and Keep It Updated


The prioritized feature list should be easily accessible by everyone so that the entire team is on the same page. Just because the list has precise priorities doesn’t mean it has to be rigid; it should be updated real-time as new features come up and priorities change. A “live” web-based list works much better than sending revised lists by email over and over. Don’t let your tracking tools get in the way, just keep it simple: Google spreadsheets or wikis work great.


Be Water, My Friend”


A team with rank-ordered priorities in place can react more quickly when changes arise. The best product teams are crystal clear about their priorities at every point in time and are adept at quickly changing their priorities when they need to. So when it comes to product priorities, as Bruce Lee said, “Be water, my friend”: clear and agile.


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